Acne is a term for plugged pores (blackheads & whiteheads), pimples and even deeper lumps (cysts and nodules) that occur on the face, neck, chest, back and even the upper arms. Acne effects most teenagers to some extent, however, the disease is not restricted to any age group; Adults in their 20’s and even into their 40’s, can get acne. While not a life threatening condition, acne can be upsetting and disfiguring. When severe, acne can lead to serious and permanent scarring.
As acne develops, sebaceous glands in the pilosebaceus unit begin over producing sebum, resulting in extra oil. Bacteria in the hair follicle start to flourish and multiply, producing fatty acids which are irritating to the pores in the skin. At the same time, openings of the pores become clogged with oil, skin cells and debris. This forms a plug or a clogged pore. One type of comedonal is a whitehead the other is a blackhead. Even less sever cases can lead to scarring. Acne is the most common skin ailment, effecting about 75% of people in their 20’s and 30’s.
Acne before treatments
Acne after treatments
Comedonal Acne is one of the mildest forms of acne. It is usually not red or inflamed. Lesions occur on the central forehead, chin and nose. They usually occur in the pre-teenage or early teenage years. Increased sebum production and abnormal sloughing of the cells cause it. Usually there is no bacterial infection and minimal inflammation.
Mild Inflammatory Acne is the nest stage. It also tends to develop in women in their Twenties. Usually there is some component of bacterial infection.
Inflammatory Acne is more severe. This type of Acne causes more scarring and will cause deep inflammatory nodules.
FACTORS that can make Acne Worse !
- Changing hormonal levels in adolescent girls and adult women - two to seven days before their menstrual period starts.
- Oil based make-ups, suntan oils, hair jells and hair sprays
- Squeezing or picking at blemishes.
- Hard scrubbing of the skin.
- Environmental irritants, such as pollution or high humidity.